Proportion in interior design refers to the balance between design elements such
as shape, color and texture. Designers and
architects often link proportion with scale,
which refers to the comparative size of one or more objects and is an absolute,
Why is proportion important in design?
Good proportion adds harmony
and symmetry or balance among the parts of a design as a whole.
When the principle of proportion is applied to
a work of art it is usually in the relationship of size. That is, the size of
one element as compared to the size of another related element within the same
The principles of design describe the ways that artists use the elements of art
in a work of art. Balance is the
distribution of the visual weight of objects, colors, texture, and space. If
the design was a scale,
these elements should be balanced to make a design feel stable.
Design The principles of design describe the ways that artists use the elements
of art in a work of art.
the distribution of the visual weight of objects, colors, texture, and space.
If the design was a scale, these elements should be balanced to make a design
feel stable. In symmetrical balance, the elements used on one side of the
design are similar to those on the other side; in asymmetrical balance, the
sides are different but still look balanced. In radial balance, the elements
are arranged around a central point and may be similar.
the part of the design that catches the viewer’s attention. Usually the artist
will make one area stand out by contrasting it with other areas. The area could
be different in size, color, texture, shape, etc.
Movement is the path the viewer’s eye takes
through the work of art, often to focal areas. Such movement can be directed
along lines, edges, shape, and color within the work of art.
the repeating of an object or symbol all over the work of art.
works with pattern to make the work of art seem active. The repetition of
elements of design creates unity within the work of art.
the feeling of unity created when all parts (sizes, amounts, or number) relate
well with each other. When drawing the human figure, proportion can refer to
the size of the head compared to the rest of the body.
created when one or more elements of design are used repeatedly to create a
feeling of organized movement. Rhythm creates a mood like music or dancing. To
keep rhythm exciting and active, variety is essential.
the use of several elements of design to hold the viewer’s attention and to
guide the viewer’s eye through and around the work of art.
Unity is the feeling of harmony between all
parts of the work of art, which creates a sense of completeness.